How Does Wool Fit in The Circular Textile Economy?

In recent years, the world has been witnessing dire cries from regulators to reduce the waste produced by the textile industry. As a result, supply chains are being pushed to switch from a linear production method to a more circular method. This is where wool and its circularity features come into the picture.

What does the concept of circularity include? How can wool be a perfect material for auguring the circular production method? And why is such a method necessary for the current world economy? These are some of the questions that this article will answer.

Let’s get started.

What are the Principles of Circular Economy?

Before you understand the viability of wool in a circular economy, you need to understand the basic principles of such an economical setup.

These are the following principles that a circular economy is based on.

  • Using renewable material sources for production
  • Making a proper design for waste and pollution management
  • Making versatile and long lasting products
  • Recycling and regenerating natural systems

How is Wool an Answer to The Circular Economy?

Many brands worldwide have been trying to find a material that fits the circular economy concept. Wool seems to be the most viable option out of all the other alternatives.

Unlike any synthetic fibre, wool has all the elements to fit into the circular economy. It is renewable and biodegradable. Moreover, you can easily recycle and reuse wool.

Let’s try and understand the relationship between circularity and wool more in detail.

Production of Fibre.

Sheep produce a new fleece every year. This means that wool is an entirely renewable source of fibre. Moreover, you don’t need any harmful chemicals for wool production. On the other hand, synthetic fibres are produced from non-renewable fossil fuels and petrochemicals.

Product Durability and Use Phase.

The most vital factor in determining the environmental impact of textile production is the period in which a particular garment is used. Woollen clothes usually last longer than clothes made out of synthetic fibres. Moreover, these clothes can be easily repaired and used for several years.

In addition, woollen clothes are washed less frequently than other clothes. This further adds to energy and water conservation.

Even after a woollen cloth is served its primary use, you can still use it in three other ways.

1st Use: Reuse: Wool is one of the most reusable materials in the garment industry. Most of the woollen clothing is donated for further use.

2nd Use: Closed recycling: This refers to using premium wool garments to develop new yarns and fabricate high-quality clothing. Wool is recyclable fibre in the clothing industry.

3rd Use: Open recycling: This is where a woollen cloth is taken apart and used in making down-sized products like insulators, interior paddings, etc.

Wool’s Waste Management.

Wool is 100% biodegradable. It consists of the same protein that is found in human hair. This means that wool is easily decomposed in the soil once it reaches the end of its life cycle. It then releases nutrients into the soil and contributes to increasing its fertility.

Wrapping it Up.

Several countries and brands worldwide realise the importance of using wool to support a circular economy. From brands like Victoria Beckham and Nagnata to international organisations like the EU pushing hard for a new economic structure, wool is set to play a significant role in the upcoming sustainable economy.

Read more about the relationship between wool and circularity today.

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